What Causes Jaw Pain | How to Relieve Chronic Jaw Pain

chronic jaw pain

Chronic jaw pain or jaw pain when chewing is not as common as tooth discomfort. It is however common enough to be a serious chronic problem for millions of patients. If it is negatively affecting your quality of life don’t put off treatment. Unlike toothaches, causes aren’t always clear, and therefore, you might not immediately know how best to treat it. Fortunately, your dentist does! A thorough examination will reveal the exact cause of your condition.  It is often caused by issues with your temporomandibular joint (or “TMJ”). Your doctor can help you find a custom-designed treatment plan to find permanent relief.

What causes TMJ pain?

Chronic jaw pain when chewing can be caused by a number of issues. An injury to the chin, jaw, or TMJ itself can stretch or tear the ligaments supporting the joint. Other causes or risk factors are:

  • missing back teeth
  • poor alignment of the jaws or of the teeth wisdom teeth
  • bruxism
  • chronic clenching
  • arthritis
  • stressful situations
  • poor dental treatment that does not respect how the teeth come together.

Another cause of jaw and facial soreness could be an infected or abscessed tooth. When infection develops deep within a tooth root, dull, aching or throbbing may be felt below the gum’s surface and radiate outwards to the rest of the jaw. Other times, infected or abscessed teeth may produce sharp pains. An examination and X-rays from Dr. Fondriest can narrow down the source of your face discomfort.

Pain in the joints

The most common center of chronic jaw pain is in one or both of your temporomandibular joints. These joints are where your lower jaw connects to your skull, and where they open, close, and move as needed. While they’re typically highly resilient, TMJs can often become damaged or inflamed due to excessive pressure or injury. When this happens, you may experience pain that makes it difficult to bite and chew comfortably.

What are the symptoms of temporomandibular disorder?

Could you have TMJ? Most patients with this disorder are between the ages of 20 and 40, and many estimates show somewhere between 10 to 35 million Americans may suffer from chronic TMJ pain symptoms. Could you be one of the millions suffering from TMD? Symptoms include:

  • Tender cheeks, jaw, forehead, and temples. Often symptoms may worsen when pressure is directly applied to the area or when biting or chewing.
  • Frequent tension-type headaches or migraines. These may be worse or only occur in the morning.
  • Stiff neck and shoulders. Sore, tired muscles in the neck and shoulders, with no obvious explanation, could be a sign of TMD.
  • Signs of bruxism (teeth grinding and clenching)
  • Chronic soreness in jaw area. The type of pain could differ from day to day. Many patients may experience dull, aching pain.
  • Malocclusion (misalignment). A “bad bite” can exacerbate TMD or be the underlying cause if the jaw cannot rest in proper alignment.
  • Jaw pain when chewing
  • Anxiety
  • Facial muscle fatigue. Many patients describe a feeling of “tiredness” in the face or jaw.
  • Soreness with jaw movement

Signs of bruxism include:

  • Worn or flattened teeth
  • Migraines or headaches that are worse in the morning
  • Teeth sensitivity or pain
  • Muscle stiffness or fatigue in the jaw and face
  • Jaw joint locking, popping, or clicking when you open your mouth
  • It becomes difficult to fully open or close your mouth

What can I do about chronic jaw pain?

If you have jaw pain when chewing, then you may find temporary relief with remedies like an ice pack, an over-the-counter pain reliever, or a gentle massage to your TMJs. However, if you have TMJ disorder, then the only way to actually relieve it is to have your dentist diagnose and treat it professionally. A thorough examination will help your dentist pinpoint the exact nature of your disorder, and then design that most appropriate way to correct it.

When evidence of bruxism is shown, tooth grinding and clenching may be greatly contributing to facial pain.

Bruxism, or teeth grinding and clenching, often happens at night during sleep. This unconscious grinding is usually brought on by stress or anxiety during the day. While unconscious, the teeth grinding and clenching can be much more powerful than any that takes place while awake.

I have jaw pain when chewing

Do you have jaw pain when chewing? There are two common origins of this kind of pain. The pain is either coming from the muscles or the joints.

Pain from Muscle Soreness

The muscles could just be sore from overwork.  When a patient grinds or clenches all night, lactic acid builds up in the muscles. Just as an athlete gets sore when doing a new workout, the jaw muscles can overdo it also. Your dentist can offer advice on how to rest the muscles.

In the jaw joints

People are surprised to learn that the jaw joints are more complex than all other of our joints.  They hinge like all others, but they also slide down and forward. there is a special disc that helps the forward sliding.  Occasionally, this disc gets caught or stuck in the slide path of the jaw. If this occurs, pain is felt in the joint and the patient can’t fully open. Your dentist can give advice on how to unstick the disc.

Night Guards help manage the tension headaches

Tension headaches are caused by overworking muscles of the jaw. Many are surprised that there are muscles on the top of the head that close the jaw. To lessen the work the msucles do while grinding, a mouth guard or other oral appliance can be made. Dr. Fondriest can specially fit you for a custom night guard or protective device to prevent your teeth from coming together during the night. By reducing the amount of pressure exerted through tooth grinding and clenching, the TMJ and connected structures can experience less stress and pressure along with reduced muscle inflammation. Using a night guard is much preferred to using a muscle relaxer.

It is this muscle inflammation that causes tension headaches. Wearing a night guard limits how hard the muscles work. Less work means less lactic acid buildup and fewer headaches. For many patients, this helps to reduce chronic jaw pain symptoms.

Sometimes dentistry is needed to fix the bite

For other patients, more extensive treatments such as bruxism veneers may be needed to treat underlying causes of pain in the mouth and jaw. Dr. Fondriest has years of experience helping patients find relief from facial discomfort, and can help to find the source of your pain.

Ask your dentist about what causes your jaw pain when chewing

When your jaw hurts consistently, the best way to treat it may be to address your underlying TMJ disorder.

Dr. Fondriest has had extensive training in treating TMJ pain at the world-renowned L. D. Pankey Institute. He is  currently active as a senior faculty member there. The Pankey Institute specializes in the study of occlusion (bite) and treatment of  TMD symptoms and TMJ disorders. It is considered by many to be the world’s leader in research and treatment of TMJ disorders.

To learn more or to schedule a consultation with the Chicago area’s leading TMJ expert, call us at 847-234-0517. We also proudly serve residents of the greater Chicago area and the United States.