How to brush your teeth properly

How to brush your teeth

How to Brush Your Teeth

Brushing your teeth will go a long way toward good oral hygiene and disease prevention. Specifically, we brush to prevent cavities, gum disease, and bad breath. The ADA recommends that you brush twice daily to maintain good oral health. Most of us learn how to brush our teeth as young children. Given the importance of twice daily brushing, this is a good thing.

Unfortunately, we don’t always learn the most effective way to brush our teeth as children. Despite possibly learning the correct procedure later in life, we continue the bad habits we learned in our youth. It’s time to break that trend by following these tips.

Are you confused as to the most effective way to brush your teeth? It’s no wonder. Research shows that there is a lot of mixed information out there. The American Dental Association recommends brushing two minutes at a time, twice a day with a soft bristled toothbrush. They also say not to scrub too hard with abrasive toothpastes or you may damage your tooth enamel. But other dental associations don’t agree. In today’s blog we discuss the brushing dilemma.

Dental associations inconsistent with proper brushing advice

A recent research study performed at the University College of London analyzed numerous dental sources including dental associations from ten different countries, dental textbooks, and toothbrush and toothpaste companies for advice on the most effective way to brush your teeth. What the researchers found was a slew of mixed information. There was no consensus among any of the sources. Even the best methods for brushing were inconsistent between the dental associations and the dental textbooks. If dentists are getting conflicting information, how is the public going to know what to do?

Brushing Instructions for a manual toothbrush

Here are a few tips to guide you through the art of brushing:

  • Use a soft bristled brush. Harder bristles can damage gums.
  • Dab on a small amount of fluoride toothpaste on your toothbrush. Hold the bristles Tilt the brush at a 45-degree angle so the the bristles are aiming at the gumline. Most of the destructive bacteria grows just above and below the gum line.
  • Brush the outside surfaces of the teeth, two to three teeth at a time, using a back and forth rolling motion. Then brush the inside surfaces. Be careful not to brush too hard
  • Make sure that the bristles go under the gumline –  between the tooth and gum.
  • Brush the outside, inside and the chewing surfaces of each tooth. Make sure that you rinse the food particles off of your brush often.
  • Gently brush your tongue to remove plaque and help freshen your breath.
  • When finished rinse your mouth thoroughly and allow your toothbrush to air dry.

If the gums bleed, it suggests poor gum health, not that you are brushing too hard.  It may seem counter intuitive but we suggest that you try to make it bleed. Go after the areas that are more sensitive by sticking the bristles directly into the gum crevice. If you continue to do that, in a few days, you will not be able to make it bleed.

There are several suggested techniques on how to brush your teeth

Some sources cited a gentle jiggling of the toothbrush back and forth on the teeth. This will dislodge the food debris, bacteria, and plaque. Others cited a basic scrubbing motion. It was also found that brushing directly after eating sugary foods or beverages may harm more than help. Harmful bacteria begin metabolizing the sugars and starches and producing acids within two minutes of you consuming them. Meaning by the time you brush, it’s too late. The acids will have already damaged the enamel.

The head researcher suggests brushing gently with a horizontal scrubbing motion while holding the toothbrush in a pencil grip at a 45-degree angle. This should be effective for keeping your teeth clean and your gums healthy. Of course, using dental floss between your teeth once a day is also important.

The one thing we know for sure, is that it is better to brush than not to brush, so keep on brushing.

You’re Not Alone

If you don’t brush your teeth properly, you’re not alone. A recent study found that while most people in Sweden brush their teeth, only one in ten brush in a way that effectively prevents tooth decay. The study followed the brushing habits of 2,013 Swedes between the ages of 15 and 80. They examined how often and how long they brushed, how much toothpaste they used and whether it contained fluoride. The study found that 70 percent didn’t know the best way to use toothpaste, and 55 to 75 percent rinsed with water after brushing. Researchers attributed the poor brushing procedure to maintaining bad habits learned as children.

Show Off Your Smile With Great Dental Health

Are you overdue for a preventive dental care visit? With regular home hygiene and dental checkups, you will be at a decreased risk for future dental treatment such as tooth loss, crowns, or bridges while helping to preserve your smile while adding whole body health benefits such as heart disease and stroke. Daily oral care, in addition to six month cleanings, will remove harmful bacteria, plaque, and tartar buildup that can lead to gingivitis or periodontal disease. Call Dr. James Fondriest at 847-234-0517 to schedule your consultation for a brighter smile.

As Benjamin Franklin said, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” It is better to try to avoid problems rather than trying to fix them later. Never underestimate the value of healthy teeth and gums.

Dr Fondriest is a Nationally recognized and highly sought after cosmetic dentist serving clients from throughout the United States