Gingivitis progresses to gum disease

Over 75% of American adults exhibit symptoms of gingivitis. If left untreated, this common disorder often develops into periodontal disease, or gum disease. In today’s blog, we explain the link between gingivitis and gum disease.

 What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a result of inflammation of the gums. The most common cause of gingivitis is plaque buildup. When a patient doesn’t maintain proper dental habits, such as regular brushing and flossing, bacteria break down food particles in the mouth. Over time, bacteria multiply and adhere to the surface of the teeth, causing plaque buildup. Soon, the bacteria begin to irritate the gums. Patients with gingivitis report gums that are swollen, tender, and bleed easily.


For many people, gingivitis is the first stage of worsening symptoms that eventually lead to gum disease. With a few preventive measures, patients can avoid the risk of gingivitis and gum disease. Always brush twice a day, and floss at least one. Rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash.  Patients who smoke should quit immediately. These simple steps cleanse your mouth of food particles and harmful bacteria, and lower your risk of developing gum disease. Don’t forget to attend regular checkups with the dentist. This allows the dentist to watch for the warning signs and symptoms of gingivitis or dental issues. With early detection, the damage from gingivitis can be reversed, and gum disease can potentially be prevented.

 Gum Disease

Gingivitis frequently, but not always, leads to gum disease. Periodontal disease occurs when inflammation worsens to the point the gums pull away from the teeth. As the gums recede, the roots become exposed. Pockets begin to form at the gum line. When bacteria enter these pockets, infection starts to spread. If left untreated, patients with gum disease can suffer tooth loss. To protect your smile from gum disease, maintain proper dental habits and attend your checkups with Dr. Fondriest.

Schedule a Visit with Us

Do you experience swollen or tender gums? Make an appointment with Dr. Fondriest for a diagnosis and to discuss treatment options. Contact your Lake Forest cosmetic dentist by calling 847-234-0517.

Dr Fondriest is a Nationally recognized and highly sought after cosmetic dentist serving clients from throughout the United States