The Materials Behind Cosmetic Dentistry

If you’ve been to a cosmetic dentist you may have heard the following terms: porcelain, leucite, zirconium, and lithium disilicate. Do you know what they are? They are materials used in cosmetic dental procedures. Do you know which procedures they are used for, or how strong they are? Probably not, but if you have to make a decision regarding a cosmetic procedure, you should. That’s why, in today’s blog, Dr. Fondriest, discusses the materials behind cosmetic dentistry.  


There are two major things you are looking for when considering a cosmetic dental procedure: looks and wear. The crown, bridge, or veneer material should look like your natural teeth and wear as well as, or even better than, your natural teeth.


Materials used for cosmetic dentistry include:

Feldspathic porcelain: Feldspathic porcelain is a quartz-based porcelain material used for porcelain veneers. Overwhelmingly popular 15 years ago, the material is still in use today because it seamlessly blends with natural teeth. Fabricated from a liquid-powder mixture, it is painted on layer by layer requiring a  skilled ceramist. It is a favorite of cosmetic dentists due to its esthetic nature.

Glass Leucite: Generally used for crowns and bridges, glass leucite is a mixture of glass and ceramic. The glass provides the translucency of natural teeth while the leucite provides strength and durability.

Zirconium: Zirconium used for dentistry is an oxidized form of zirconium. It is called zirconium dioxide and is a ceramic by-product of zirconium and oxygen.

Lithium Disilicate: Lithium disilicate is a glass ceramic material that is fabricated with a combination of quartz, lithium dioxide, phosphor oxide, alumina, potassium oxide and various other components. It is both strong and esthetic.

The overall performance of all of the above dental materials is taken into consideration when deciding upon a treatment plan

About Your Lake Forest Dentist:

Aside from providing dependable family, general, and restorative dentistry services to our community, Dr. James Fondriest also holds respected academic appointments at the Pankey Institute in Key Biscayne, FL, and the Spear Institute in Scottsdale, AZ, and he is an adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Prosthodontics at the University of Florida Dental School. At Lake Forest Dental Arts, Dr. Fondriest combines his impressive array of experience with modern technology and caring, compassionate, knowledgeable staff, and we proudly serve patients from Chicago and all surrounding communities. To schedule a consultation, call our office today at (847) 234-0517.

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