Excessive gingival display or “gummy smiles” are addressed with gum lifts and other treatment options. Current estimates indicate that up to seven percent of men and fourteen percent of women have excessive amounts of gum tissue or smiles that appear “gummy.” Excess gum tissue creates a disproportionate appearance of a patient’s smile by covering more of the tooth than necessary. Gummy smiles often make teeth appear smaller than they should. If you have a gummy smile, your self confidence is likely affected.
Causes of Gummy Smiles
Many factors contribute to gummy smiles. In some cases, jawbone deformities cause the appearance of excessive gingival display. If your upper jawbone developed a protrusion, your gums and teeth would appear disproportionate. A gummy smile may also be caused by abnormal eruption of the teeth. Treating and improving the appearance of gummy smiles largely depends on the cause of excessive gingival display.
Other Factors that Contribute to the Appearance of a Smile
- Facial muscles
- Lip shape or size
- Tooth size or shape
Treatment Options for Gummy Smiles
An attractive smile should display very little gum tissue. For patients with excessive gum tissue or the appearance of a gummy smile, there are many treatment options. Treatment ranges from using soft tissue lasers to remove excess gum tissue to jawbone reconstruction. Patients with excessive gingival display may have malocclusions as well.
If you are embarrassed by the appearance of a gummy smile, consider discussing your concerns with Dr. James Fondriest. After evaluating your smile, Dr. Fondirest will recommend which treatment option is best for your needs. Dr. Fondriest works with a team of specialists and dedicated professionals who can address and correct the causes of excessive gingival display. To schedule an appointment, contact our Chicago dentist office at (847) 234-0517. We serve patients from the neighboring Chicago communities.